Gobies (Gobiidae And Microdesmidae)

Gobies Family Characteristics:

Comparatively little is known about this very large family. In the wild, gobies are found in several different locations: tidal shallow beaches, on the coral reef itself, and on the muddy seabed. Some species are even found in fresh water. All Gobies rely on having a secure bolt hole in which to hide when danger threatens. Such 'bolt holes' may be located within sponges, caves, crevices or may simply be burrows in the sand bed.

The gobies are endearing little characters for the aquarium. The colors of the gobies can be quite brilliant. Their bodies are elongate, the head blunt with high set eyes. Gobies can be further distinguished, by the presence of a 'suction-disc' formed by the fusion of the pelvic. fins.

Sexing gobies can be difficult, although females may become distended with eggs at breeding time and there are the typical differences in the size and shape of the genital papillae, if you can see them! In some species, the male may change color or develop longer fins during the breeding period. Spawning occurs in burrows or in sheltered areas, with the eggs being guarded by the male. Several gobies have been spawned in captivity. Gobiosoma oceanops and Lythrypnus dalli, for example, will breed willingly in the aquarium, but rearing the young fry is not easy.

Diet And Feeding:

Gobies are carnivorous fishes that will eat brineshrimp, finely chopped meat foods, frozen foods and Daphnia.

Aquarium Behavior:

Many reef-dwelling species provide cleaning services for larger fishes, the cleaning sequence following the pattern described for the cleaner Wrasse.

List Of Popular Aquarium Gobies:

  • Lemon Goby (Gobiodon citrinus)
  • Yellow Goby (Gobiodon okinawae)
  • Neon Goby (Gobiosoma oceanops)
  • Blue Banded Goby, Catalina Goby (Lythrypnus dalli)
  • Orange Spotted Goby, Diamond Watchman Goby (Valenciennea puellaris)
  • Blue Cheek Goby, Sleeper Gold Head Goby (Valenciennea strigata)
  • Black Barred Convict Goby (Priolepis nocturnus)
  • Bluespotted Watchman Goby (Cryptocentrus pavoninoides)
  • Catalina Goby (Lythrypnus dalli)
  • Cave Transparent Goby (Coryphopterus glaucofrenum)
  • Black Clown Goby (Gobiodon strangulatus)
  • Green Clown Goby (Gobiodon atrangulatus)
  • Court Jester Goby (Amblygobius rainfordi)
  • Diagonal Bar Prawn Goby (Amblyeleotris diagonalis)
  • Dracula Goby (Stonogobiops dracula)
  • Engineer Goby (Pholidichthys leucotaenia)
  • Gold Neon Eviota Goby (Eviota pellucida)
  • Greenbanded Goby (Elacatinus multifasciatum)
  • Hector's Goby (Amblygobius hectori)
  • Hi Fin Red Banded Goby (Stonogobiops nematodes)
  • Masked Goby (Coryphopterus personatus)
  • Orange Spotted Goby (Amblyeleotris guttata)
  • Orange Stripe Prawn Goby (Amblyeleotris randalli)
  • Orangemarked Goby (Amblygobius decussatus)
  • Pink Spotted Watchman Goby (Cryptocentrus leptocephalus)
  • Pinkbar Goby (Amblyeleotris aurora)
  • Red Head Goby (Elacatinus puncticulatus)
  • Red Spotted Goby (Trimma rubromaculatus)
  • Sleeper Banded Goby (Amblygobius phalaena)
  • Sleeper Blue Dot Goby (Valenciennea sexguttata)
  • Sleeper Green Banded Goby (Valenciennea randalli)
  • Sleeper Railway Glider Goby (Valenciennea helsdingeni)
  • Sleeper Striped Goby (Valenciennea longipinnis)
  • Steinitz Goby (Amblyeleotris steinitzi)
  • Tangaroa Goby (Ctenogobiops tangaroai)
  • Tiger Watchman Goby (Valenciennea wardii)
  • Two Spot Goby (Signigobius biocellatus)
  • Wheeler's Shrimp Goby (Amblyeleotris wheeleri)
  • Yasha White Ray Shrimp Goby (Stonogobiops yasha)
  • Yellow Prawn Goby (Cryptocentrus cinctus)
  • Yellow Priolepis Goby (Priolepis aureoviridis)
  • Yellow Stripe Clingfish (Diademichthys lineatus)


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